Hungary is not the most prolific producers of dog breeds, but they have some of the most striking specimens which are exclusively working or hunting dogs. Hungarian dog breeds range from the ancient to the more recent, but all have unique characteristics, and obsessively loved by fans.
Komondor: The corded coat of the Komondor is what makes it easily stand out from almost any other breed of dog. The Komondor is a livestock guardian breed, and has been used by herders for centuries. Their ancestors are belived to have been brought into Hungary by the Cumans (a nomadic people), in the 12th century. As with many other livestock guardians, the Komondor has a calm and collected demeanor, and has strong protective tendencies which makes them not only a wonderful family dog but also a formidable protector. Unlike many other guardian dogs, the Komondor is more likely to knock down an intruder and pin them to the ground until their master arrives.
Kuvasz: Another old breed of livestock guardian this large sized dog has often been used as a guardian to Hungarian royalty, but is nowadays mostly a family pet. The Kuvasz is a dog with a whimsical sense of humor, and is highly intelligent, as are all herding dogs. Due to their breeding they are very loyal and are great with children due to their patient nature. Their protectiveness does require them to be socialized very early, and the socialization should continue as they can be standoffish with strangers.
Puli: Seemingly a smaller and dark version of the Komondor, the Puli is its own distinct breed of medium sized dog. Similar to the Komondor, however, it was developed as a herding dog, and is a very intelligent breed. The coat is corded, and usually black. Due to their breeding they have a lot of energy and are most happy when they are busy and have something to occupy their time, so they do not make the best dogs for city or apartment living.
Pumi: Also known as the Hungarian Herding Terrier, the Pumi was developed around 300 years ago, and has been used as a medium sheepdog. Like most herding and guardian dogs, the Pumi can be highly protective of family, so it is necessary to socialize and train from early puppyhood.
Transylvanian Hound: Bred and used as a hunting dog the Transylvanian Hound which almost went extinct but was revived in the late 20th century due to the efforts of a small group of breeders. It has a pleasant temperament, and is sprite. Properly trained, it can excel in a variety of hunting activities including pointing, tracking, and even driving game.
Vizsla: Otherwise known as the Hungarian Pointer, the Vizsla is a majestic breed with a rusty red coat, lean body, and sweet disposition. It excels at both pointing and retrieving if trained properly. It is highly popular in Europe and is gaining popularity in the United States as well. Due to its very high level of energy it requires daily exercise which goes beyond just the walk around the block, and ideally includes an hour or more of running, exercising and training.
Magyar Agar: The Hungarian Greyhound, as it is also known, is a rare breed of dog which has a very friendly temperament, and is easy to handle. They display some guarding characteristics but are unlikely to show aggression. Despite their heritage, they are currently mostly used as companion animals.