Lifespan is often a question that comes up when someone is considering a new pet. Some people are concerned, about the length of commitment that will have to be made, and others worry about losing their new friend sooner than they imagine. Either way, the question is an important one for new pet owners to ask.

The lifespan of a cat depends on a variety of factors, including breed, type of living conditions, and quality of care.

Breed is a major predictor as to how long a cat can be expected to live, so we have included a table below for quick reference; however, we will also discuss other factors that can impact the life expectancy of a cat.

Indoor vs Outdoor Cat Life Expectancy

Indoor cats are generally expected to live a longer life, as they are less likely to encounter situations that may result in passing earlier than they would have otherwise. Though just the act of living outdoors (full time or part time) does not in itself dictate the length of a cat’s life, there are other factors that come into play which reduce the average length of life that an outdoor cat may be expected to live.

Outdoor cats face potential dangers such as traffic accidents, being attacked by other animals, eating unsavory items and suffer from toxicity complications, or even just lose a battle with rough weather. The most likely of all possibilities is that an outdoor cat is more likely to contract a disease that won’t be detected in time or be treatable.

The variety of dangers also depend on where the cat’s household is located (e.g. in the city, suburbs, or the countryside). The more potential dangers the living environment has the more likely that the cat will have a shorter lifespan.

At the same time, it is important to understand that by just keeping a cat indoors it does not mean that she will live a long and happy life. The indoor environment also has a variety of dangers that can endanger a cat’s life; however, the indoor environment is something that can be more closely scrutinized and controlled. Indoor dangers include, but are not limited to, food stuff that is toxic to cats, possible access to toxic home products such as cleaning agents, and even medication.

The Average Lifespan of a Cat

On average, cats can be expected to live around 15 years, no matter the breed or living conditions. Do note that this is an ‘average’, and the age range will vary between 10 to 20 years.

Some cats live well beyond the average lifespan that a cat is expected to have, and reports of cats reaching their late 20’s or even early thirties are not unheard of.

Cat Life Expectancy by Breed

Abyssinian 9 to 15
American Bobtail 13 to 15
American Curl 15+
American Shorthair 15 to 20
American Wirehair 7 to 12
Armenian Van 12 to 17
Australian Mist 14 to 19
Balinese 18 to 22
Bengal 12 to 16
Birman 12 to 16
Blue Chartreux 12 to 15
Bombay 15 to 20
British Shorthair 12+
Burmese 16 to 18
Burmilla 10 to 15
California Spangled 9 to 16
Ceylon 12 to 15
Chantilly-Tiffany 14 to 16
Colorpoint Shorthair 12 to 16
Cornish Rex 11 to 15
Cymric 8 to 14
Devon Rex 9 to 15
Domestic 12 to 14
Egyptian Mau 13 to 16
European Shorthair 15 to 22
Exotic Shorthair 12 to 14
German Rex 9 to 14
Havana Brown 12 to 15
Himalayan 15 to 20
Japanese Bobtail 15 to 18
Javanese 10 to 15
Korat 15-20
LaPerm 10 to 15
Maine Coon 12 to 15
Manx 8 to 14
Munchkin 12 to 14
Nebelung 15 to 18
Norwegian Forest 14 to 16
Ocicat 10 to 15
Oriental 10 to 15
Persian 15 to 20
Pixiebob 10 to 12
Ragdoll 12 to 17
Russian Blue 15 to 20
Scottish Fold 15 to 20
Selkirk Rex 10 to 15
Siamese 15 to 20
Siberian 11 to 15
Singapura 9 to 15
Snowshoe 12 to 15
Sokoke 9 to 15
Somali 10 to 12
Sphynx 13 to 15
Tonkinese 10 to 16
Turkish Angora 12 to 18